Who are these people rushing by you in the street? More than 215 million people now call America “home”, but most of them can trace their families back to other parts of the world. If you look at the names on shop windows, you will see that Americans come from many different lands. The idea that these people, who once were strangers to the United States, have lost the customs and cultures of their original countries and have become “Americans” is really not true. In fact, what exists in America is more often a kind of “side-by-side” living, in which groups of people from other countries often have kept many of their customs and habits. They join the general American society only in certain areas of their lives—such as in schools, business, and sports—but they keep many of their own native customs and manners socially and at home. This “side-by-side” living has both advantages and disadvantages. Sometimes it may cause disagreements to develop between groups whose ways of life are very different from one another. However, there are also great advantages that come from the variety of cultures brought by settlers from other lands. There is great freedom of choice among ideas and dress, food, and social customs in America. Everyone can find some part of his or her familiar world in the United States, in churches, music, food, national groups, or newspapers.
1.More than 215 million people call America “home” because _______.
A.they buy their houses there
B.they settle there now
C.they get married there
D.they were born there
【精析】B 根據第二句“…but most of them can trace their families back to other parts of the world.”可推知，這些人已經在美國定居，他們中多數人的家族可以追溯到世界其他地方。故選B。
2.“Side-by-side” living style means ______.
A.making friends with native people
B.the groups of people who live nearby
C.keeping their own customs while sharing American ones in certain areas
D.that they get closer to American society
【精析】C 根據第五、六句“In fact…They join the general American society only in certain areas of their lives—such as in schools, business, and sports—but they keep many of their own native customs and manners socially and at home.”可知，他們只是在生活的某些方面(如學校、商業、運動等)加入了一般的美國社會，但在社交方面和家里他們還保留著自己的風俗習慣。由此可推知，這種生活方式是：既保留自己的風俗習慣，又在某些方面遵循美國的風俗習慣。故選C。
3. According to the passage, people in the USA ______.
A.share American customs and culture
B.live in a kind of “side-by-side” society
C.keep their own customs and habits firmly
D.have no choice but to accept American customs
【精析】B 根據第四、五句“The idea that these people, who once were strangers to the United States, have lost the customs and cultures of their original countries…‘side-by-side’ living， in which groups of people from other countries often have kept many of their customs and habits.”可知，來自其他國家的移民沒有完全堅持自己的風俗習慣，也沒有完全拋棄，而是推崇“side-by-side”這種生活方式，即“保留許多自己的風俗，并在某些方面遵循美國的風俗習慣”。故選B。
4. Which of the following statements is true?
A.They always stick to their own customs and habits.
B.“Side-by-side” living style is not suitable.
C.They face the society they are not familiar with negatively.
D.The advantages coming from the variety of cultures make life in America colourful.
【精析】D 根據最后三句“However, there are also great advantages that come from the variety of cultures brought by settlers from other lands. There is great freedom of choice…”可知，來自不同文化的移民給美國帶來了很多優勢，人們在思想、服裝、食物、社會風俗等方面有了更多的自由選擇權。由此可推知，來自不同文化的移民使美國生活變得更加豐富多彩。根據上題解析可知，選項A、B不正確;文章并未提及C項。故選D。
5.Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A.Advantages and Disadvantages
B.Different Customs and Habits
C.Home for the People
D.“Side-by-side” Living Style in America